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EU Council adopts reform of General Court 07/12/2015 The European Council of Ministers has adopted a regulation that should enable the General Court to face an increasing workload and ensure that legal redress in the EU is guaranteed within a reasonable time.

EU Council adopts reform of General Court

The European Council of Ministers has adopted a regulation reforming the General Court. The aim is to enable the General Court to face an increasing workload and to ensure that legal redress in the EU is guaranteed within a reasonable time.

The General Court is one of three courts of the Court of Justice of the European Union, the other two being the Court of Justice itself and the Civil Service Tribunal. The General Court is the court of first instance for the majority of decisions taken by the Commission and other EU institutions and bodies, in all areas where the European Union holds competences.

The reform provides for a progressive increase in the number of judges at the General Court and for the merging of the Civil Service Tribunal with the General Court. At the entry into force of the reform, expected at the end of December 2015, the number of judges will increase by 12. In September 2016, the seven posts of judges at the Civil Service Tribunal will be transferred to the General Court, to which nine further judges will be attributed in September 2019. In total, this means 21 additional judges at the end of the process.

This increase in the number of judges will allow the General Court to deliver judgments within a reasonable time, and to decide more cases in chambers of five judges or in grand chamber, enabling a more in-depth deliberation on important cases.

It should also allow the General Court to deal with an increase in caseload that has seen the number of new cases per year jump from fewer than 600 prior to 2010 to 912 in 2014.

The regulation will be published in the Official Journal of the European Union at the end of December and enter into force the day after.

 

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